Forensic Document Examination FAQ
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Table of Contents
(click on a link to go to question)

What should I send you to be examined?
What is a handwriting expert?
What is a forensic document examiner?
How is forensic document examination different from graphology or handwriting analysis?
Why do you charge fees for your services?
What is the basis of Handwriting Analysis?
What are pattern recognition techniques?
What can be determined from a handwriting examination?
What is the different between a Verbal and Written Opinion?
What are the Nine (9) standardized Handwriting Opinions?
What can be determined from Paper?
What can be determined from Physical Matching (Paper, stamps, Tape, etc.)?
What can be determined from Charred & Water Damaged Documents?
What can be determined from Mechanical Printing Methods?
What can be determined from Copy Machine Identification?
What can be determined from Erasures, Alterations & Obliterations?
What can be determined from Indented Markings (Writings)?
What can be determined from Ink Examinations (limited)?
What can be determined from sequence of line crossings and folds?
What can be determined form Water Marks?
How much does a handwriting expert charge to render an opinion?
Why should I hire
an expert?
What training must a handwriting expert have?
Are original documents required for an examination?
Can a document examiner work with photocopies of questioned documents?
Is it possible to always identify a person's handwriting?
I have a hand-printed note, memo, or letter.  Can this be compared with a person's signature to determine if that person wrote the note?
I have a Last Will and Testament that was supposed to have been signed by my mother. Can the signature be compared with this one check she signed?
What is variation in handwriting?
By examining a document can you determine whether the writer is left- or right-handed? How about gender or age?
My writing looks the same now as it did 30 years ago. How is that possible?
Can you describe an individual's personality from examining handwriting?
Can you compare printed writing to cursive writing?
Will this opinion be accepted in a court of law?
What is an Expert Witness?
What is Rule 702?
Can you examine documents in a foreign language?
How much will it cost to have you come to court and testify live in person?
What is a forgery?
Do you create forgeries?
Can a client fax documents to you for examination?
In what states or countries have you rendered an opinion?

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Q: What should I send you to be examined?

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Q: What is a handwriting expert? 

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Q: What is a forensic document examiner (FDE)?  

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Q: How is forensic document examination different from graphology or handwriting analysis?  

Forensic document examination is the study of physical evidence, and physical evidence cannot lie.  Only its interpretation can err.  Only the failure to find it, or to hear its true testimony can deprive it of its value.”

-- Roy A. Huber

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Q: What is the basis of handwriting analysis?

As with many other established and proven investigative techniques (i.e., fingerprint, tire, tread, etc...)Pattern Recognition is the basis for handwriting analysis.

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Q: What are pattern recognition techniques?

Applications of pattern recognition techniques are demonstrated by projects in fingerprint recognition, handwriting recognition and handwriting verification.

Pattern recognition techniques are concerned with the theory and algorithms of putting abstract objects, e.g., measurements made on physical objects, into categories. Typically the categories are assumed to be known in advance, although there are techniques to learn the categories (clustering). Methods of pattern recognition are useful in many applications such as information retrieval, data mining, document image analysis and recognition, computational linguistics, forensics, biometrics and bioinformatics.

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Q: What can be determined from a handwriting examination?

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Q: What is the different between a Verbal and Written Opinion?

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Q: What are the Nine (9) standardized Handwriting Opinions?

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Q: What can be determined from Paper?

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Q: What can be determined from Physical Matching (Paper, stamps, Tape, etc.)?

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Q: What can be determined from Charred & Water Damaged Documents?

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Q: What can be determined from Mechanical Printing Methods?

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Q: What can be determined from Copy Machine Identification?

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Q: What can be determined from Erasures, Alterations & Obliterations?

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Q: What can be determined from Indented Markings (Writings)?

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Q: What can be determined from Ink Examinations (limited)?

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Q: What can be determined from sequence of line crossings and folds?

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Q: What can be determined form Water Marks?

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Q: How much does a handwriting expert charge to render an opinion?

Fees vary between professionals.  The most expensive prices do not guarantee you are getting the best, only the highest priced individuals.  While the least expensive prices may not bring you the level and quality of expected professional service.

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Q: Why should I hire an expert?

Q: What training does a handwriting expert have?

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Q:  Are original documents required for an examination?

An opinion is based upon the documents submitted, as well as subject to examination of the original documents.

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Q: Can a document examiner work with photocopies of questioned documents?

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Q: Is it possible to always identify a person's handwriting?

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Q: I have a hand-printed note, memo, or letter.   Can this be compared with a person's signature to determine if that person wrote the note?

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Q: I have a Last Will and Testament that was supposed to have been signed by my mother, father, grandparent, etc..

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Q: Can the signature be compared with only one document they signed?

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Q: What is natural variation?

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Q: By examining a document can you determine whether the writer is left- or right-handed? How about male or female? 

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Q: My writing looks the same now as it did 30 years ago. How is that possible? 

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Q: Can you describe an individual's personality from examining handwriting?  

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Q: Can you compare printed writing to cursive writing? 

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Q: Will this opinion be accepted in a court of law?

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Q: What is an Expert Witness?

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Q: What is Rule 702?

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Q: Can you examine documents in a foreign language?

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Q: How much will it cost to have you come to court and testify live in person?

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Q:  What is a Forgery?

"It is the process of making or adapting objects or documents (see false document), with the intention to deceive.

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Q: Do you create forgeries? 

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Q: Can a client fax documents to you for examination? 

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Q:  In what states or countries have you rendered an opinion?

Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming and the District of Columbia.

Bahrain, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Iran, Iraq, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kuwait, Mexico, North Korea, Pakistan, Palestine, Philippines, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Thailand, Turkey, and the United Kingdom.

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Q:  Why do you charge fees for your services?

Here at Advanced Forensic Handwriting Services, we recognize and appreciate how everyone's circumstance and situation is different and unique.  Clients may pay us through PayPal, personal or cashier's check, money order, and cash.  However, AFHS is not a charity based organization.  It is an ethically run business that provide a range of forensic document examination and handwriting analysis services for a fee that brings tremendous value, benefit, and peace of mind to our clients who appreciate and recognize the valuable services we provide to them.  It's not right that someone has taken, or is attempting to take something that is rightfully yours (deed, business, money, etc...).    Now you have an organization to turn to when this happens.  So while you're initial consultation is free, the work all of our handwriting experts perform for you is not. 

 AFHS - bringing you peace of mind regarding questioned documents since 2004.

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